Parole Review & Application
Parole Application and Assistance in the State of Texas
Inmates with a sentence that allows for the possibility of parole are given a parole hearing after serving approximately 1/3 of their original sentence, except in cases of inmates charged with first-degree felonies, violent sexual crimes, and repeat felony offenders. A Parole Board, consisting of three members, oversees the parole hearing. These members review the inmates file, deciding to continue incarceration for an inmate, or allowing an early release and second chance at life, unless the parolee violates the conditions of their parole.
The inmate, inmate’s family, inmate attorney, and the Texas Parole Board receives information concerning parole eligibility approximately six months prior to the actual date. The inmate is not present for the parole review, and does not have the right to be present. However, an attorney may represent you and may present the Parole Board with a Parole Packet. The victim of the crime may also request to be present during the parole hearing.
Have more questions about parole and how it works? Be sure to check out our Frequently Asked Questions section.
Texas Parole Reviews
Inmates and their families should understand the parole review hearing process well before the scheduled hearing date. All too often, inmates are judged even before their file is examined, and a decision made without the proper knowledge of the case. Being unfamiliar with the parole review process increases the likeness of such occurring.
Greg Tsioros, Houston parole attorney, ensures families understand the complex parole hearing process, their rights, and the proper steps to take to increase the odds of the inmate being paroled and given early release. Greg Tsioros aims to ease some of the uncertainty that might be felt when it is time for a parole hearing, ensuring clients get the advice and advocacy needed to make the process simpler.
Working closely with the inmate and their families, Greg Tsioros gets to know everyone involved in the matter on a personal level, and prepares a Parole Packet favorable for release of the prisoner. With empathy, compassion, and an understanding for human life, attorney Greg Tsioros offers his legal expertise and skills, as well as his background working as a Houston prosecutor to work for his clients, ensuring a fair and just parole hearing.
How the Date for First Parole Review Is Calculated as of September 2015:
The laws that were in effect at the time the offense was committed determine a person’s eligibility for parole and mandatory supervision. Time in custody or county jail is credited to the person’s sentence and is included in establishing the date of eligibility for the first parole review.
An inmate was in custody for six months before receiving a ten-year sentence. If the case was not a first-degree felony, violent sexual crime, or a repeat felony, the inmate is eligible for parole in 14 months, eight days (one year, two months, and eight days).
With six months in custody credited toward the inmate’s sentence, the new date of parole eligibility is approximately eight months after sentencing.
14 months – 6 months = 8 months
For the most effective defense, you should hire an attorney well in advance of the calculated appearance date shown in the parole and discretionary mandatory supervision chart below.
Remember, the Parole Board now places inmates into parole review six months prior to the calculated eligibility date, and voting cases as early as three months before the calculated appearance date.
|Yrs.||3g Offenses||All Other Offenses||3g/508.149 Offenses||All Other Offenses|
|1||N/A||1 mos 13 days||N/A||5 mos 21 days|
|2||N/A||2 mos 25 days||N/A||11 mos 8 days|
|3||2 yrs||4 mos 8 days||N/A||1 yr 5 mos 2 days|
|4||2 yrs||5 mos 21 days||N/A||1 yr 10 mos 22 days|
|5||2 yrs 6 mos||7 mos 3 days||N/A||2 yrs 4 mos 12 days|
|6||3 yrs||8 mos 15 days||N/A||2 yrs 10 mos 3 days|
|7||3 yrs 6 mos||10 mos 0 days||N/A||3 yrs 3 mos 20 days|
|8||4 yrs||11 mos 8 days||N/A||3 yrs 9 mos 16 days|
|9||4 yrs 6 mos||1 yr 0 mos 24 days||N/A||7 yrs 3 mos 4 days|
|10||5 yrs||I yr 2 mos 8 days||N/A||4 yrs 8 mos 24 days|
|11||5 yrs 6 mos||1 yr 9 mos 9 days||N/A||6 yrs 1 mos 6 days|
|15||7 yrs 6 mos||2 yr 1 mos 20 days||N/A||7 yrs 1 mos 6 days|
|20||10 yrs||2 yrs 4 mos 12 days||N/A||9 yrs 5 mos 18 days|
|25||12 yrs 6 mos||2 yrs 11 mos 15 days||N/A||11 yrs 10 mos|
|30||15 yrs||3 yrs 6 mos 18 days||N/A||14 yrs 2 mos 12 days|
|35||17 yrs 6 mos||4 yrs 1 mos 21 days||N/A||16 yr 6 mos 24 days|
|40||20 yrs||4 yrs 9 mos||N/A||18 yr 11 mos 6 days|
|45||22 yrs 6 mos||5 yrs 4 mos 3 days||N/A||21 yrs 3 mos 18 days|
|50||25 yrs||5 yrs 11 mos 8 days||N/A||23 yrs 8 mos|
|55||27 yrs 6 mos||6 yrs 6 mos 11 days||N/A||26 yrs 12 days|
|60||30 yrs||7 yrs 1 mos 15 days||N/A||28 yrs 4 mos 24 days|
|LIFE||30 yrs||7 yrs 1 mos 15 days||N/A||N/A|
The Parole Review Process
- Notice: A notice is sent to inmates who are parole eligible. The notice is also sent to victim’s family members, attorneys, and other trial officials.
- Initial Interview: A brief interview between the inmate and an Institutional Parole office is conducted. This interview examines the inmate’s life and provides a case summary for the board to hear.
- Board Review: A Lead Voter is assigned to the inmate’s review. The Lead Voter is selected from any of the seven board offices in the state. This voter reviews the inmate’s life summary and prison file.
- Board Interview: An interview with the board usually doesn’t take place during a parole review unless specifically requested by the victim of the offender (or the victim’s family, if such applies.) An attorney may also request a Board Interview, if the necessary paperwork has been properly filed on time.
- Board Decision: After the parole board, has reviewed the file and conducted interviews, a vote takes place. Three parole board panel members take the vote.
Parole Board Decisions
The following codes are used to indicate the parole board decision.
FI-1: Further investigation- 1 is the code used for an offender who is granted parole and should be released on supervised parole as soon as eligibly date.
FI-2: Parole granted, on a future specified date.
FI-3R: Inmate is to be transferred to a TDCJ rehabilitation program for a period no less than four months. Offender is released on parole after successful completion of the program.
FI-4R: Inmate should be transferred to a Sex Offender Education Program, or SOEP, for a period no less than four months. Offender is released on parole upon successful completion of the program.
FI-5: Inmate is transferred to an In-Prison Therapeutic Community Program with release to an aftercare program after completion.
FI-6: Inmate is transferred to a DWO rehabilitation program. Release to a continuing care program after completion.
FI-6R: Inmate is transferred to a rehabilitation program for a period of no less than six months. After completion, offender is released on parole.
FI-7R: Inmate is transferred to a Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative program for a period no less than seven months. Parole release is granted after successful completion.
FI-9R: Inmate is transferred to a Sex Offender Treatment Program for at least nine months. Parole release after completion.
FI-18R: Inmate is transferred to a Sex Offender Treatment Program for a period of at least 18 months. Parole release after successful completion.
CU-FI: Indicates the date of parole eligibility for an inmate serving consecutive sentences.
RMS: Release with Mandatory Supervision
NR: Next Review is also called a set off. The next review can be set for a period of up to 5 years in the future, although most reviews for less serious crimes take place within one year.
SA: A Serve All parole board review is a denial of release without a regular review in the future.